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Module - II                                                                          Special Forces

              Structure and
            Role of the Forces


                                                     SPECIAL FORCES

                                 In this lesson you will learn more about the special tasks performed by these forces,
                                 the training required for it and the importance of this elite force.
                                 Warfare involves myriad styles of engagement - on sea, in the air, on the ground,
                                 engaging in subversive activities by special forces deep within enemy territory without
                                 the enemy's knowledge. Special Forces emerged in the early 20th century, with a
                                 significant growth in the field during the Second World War, when every major army
                                 involved in the fighting created formations devoted to special operations behind enemy


                                 After studying this lesson, you will be able to:
                                 • explain the history of special forces globally;
                                 • explain the history of Indian Special Forces and

                                 • describe the detailed structure of other special forces.

                                  5.1 History of Special Forces Globally

                                 Special Forces are military units trained to conduct special operations. Special
                                 operations as military activities conducted by specially designated, organized, trained,
                                 and equipped forces, manned with selected personnel, using unconventional tactics,
                                 techniques, and modes of employment. Thus, Special Forces are not only elite and
                                 also special as they are used for specialised combat tasks, conducting missions that
                                 general-purpose forces either cannot perform or not with acceptable levels of risk and
                                 Often, Special Forces are confused with units that perform covert operations for
                                 intelligence organizations, operating under different authorities and employing different
                                 skill sets in order to keep the sponsorship of the units and their activities hidden.
                                 Sometimes elite military units are used to perform special operations, and sometimes
                                 Special Forces are loaned to intelligence organizations to perform covert operations.

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